Фарингит в детском возрасте

52
1266

В глотке выделяют три отдела – носоглотка, ротоглотка, гортаноглотка. В большинстве случаев при заболевании поражаются верхние отделы. Детский фарингит наиболее часто встречаемая болезнь среди остальных патологий верхних дыхательных путей вследствие несформированной иммунной системы. Симптомы, которые при этом наблюдаются следующие: боль в горле, першение, ощущение сухости. Для выяснения причины воспалительного процесса необходимо обратиться к врачу – отоларингологу. Он подскажет вам как лечить, назначит лекарства. К препаратам, устраняющим воспалительные признаки, относятся антисептики. Спреи для горла для детей удобны в применении, например оралсепт. Он имеет приятный мятный вкус, а также уменьшает интенсивность боли в горле, оказывает противомикробное действие.

Причинные факторы

Основным возбудителем у детей являются вирусы (грипп, аденовирус, корь). Реже причиной бывают бактериальные инфекции (стафилококки, стрептококки, пневмококки), грибы (дрожжеподобные рода Кандида). Рассмотрим основные факторы, влияющие на развитие воспаления в глотке:

— снижение защитных сил организма

— затруднение дыхания через нос

— хронические заболевания пищеварительного тракта

— нарушение обменных процессов

— наличие в организме хронических воспалительных очагов

— переохлаждение

— аллергические реакции

— воздействие на слизистую оболочку горячих, очень холодных продуктов питания

— травматическое повреждение глотки

— вдыхание загрязненного воздуха.

Проявления фарингита и принципы терапии

Различают острую форму (появляется внезапно, выздоровление наступает в среднем через 7 дней) и хроническую (длится на протяжении нескольких месяцев). Хронический в свою очередь разделяется на: катаральную (без особых проявлений), гипертрофическую (отмечается гипертрофия слизистого слоя глотки), атрофическую (опасная форма, атрофия эпителия, появление корок).

К общим симптомам фарингита у детей относятся:

+ дискомфорт в горле, ощущение першения, сухости

+ болевые ощущения различной интенсивности, усиливающиеся при глотании

+ скапливается слизистое отделяемое

+ появляется сухой кашель

+ повышение температуры тела до субфебрильных значений

+ интоксикационные симптомы (слабость, недомогание, снижение аппетита, головная боль).

В комплексную терапию входят следующие препараты:

— противовирусные/антибактериальные/противогрибковые препараты

— жаропонижающие

— полоскание горла

— использование местных антисептических средств

— ингаляции

— противокашлевые /муколитические препараты

— обильное теплое питье

— прием пищи в теплом, размягченном виде

— на время повышения температуры постельный режим.

52 КОММЕНТАРИИ

  1. A person necessarily assist to make severely articles I’d state.
    That is the very first time I frequented your website page and thus
    far? I amazed with the research you made to create this
    actual post amazing. Excellent job!

  2. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all of us you actually understand
    what you are speaking about! Bookmarked. Please also talk over with my site =).

    We can have a hyperlink alternate agreement between us

  3. This design is incredible! You certainly know how to keep a reader amused.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my
    own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Great job.
    I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you
    presented it. Too cool!

  4. I’ve been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or blog
    posts in this sort of space . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this site.
    Reading this information So i am satisfied to exhibit that I have an incredibly good
    uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I so much undoubtedly will make certain to do not omit this site and give it a glance regularly.
    plenty of fish natalielise

  5. You are so interesting! I don’t suppose I’ve read
    through something like this before. So wonderful to find another
    person with some original thoughts on this topic.
    Really.. thanks for starting this up. This website is one thing
    that’s needed on the internet, someone with a little
    originality!

  6. After I originally commented I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever
    a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment.
    There has to be a means you can remove me from that service?

    Thanks a lot!

  7. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your
    favorite reason appeared to be on the net the simplest thing
    to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they just
    do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as
    defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a
    signal. Will probably be back to get more.
    Thanks

  8. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s equally educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the
    head. The problem is something that not enough men and women are speaking intelligently about.
    I’m very happy I stumbled across this in my search for something concerning this.

  9. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting
    things or suggestions. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.

    I desire to read more things about it!

  10. you are in point of fact a excellent webmaster. The site loading speed is incredible.
    It seems that you are doing any unique trick.

    Furthermore, The contents are masterwork.
    you have performed a excellent task in this
    topic!

  11. Hi would you mind letting me know which web host you’re using?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most.
    Can you recommend a good hosting provider at a reasonable price?
    Cheers, I appreciate it!

  12. Hi there i am kavin, its my first occasion to
    commenting anywhere, when i read this paragraph i thought i could
    also create comment due to this sensible post.

  13. Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4
    year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She placed
    the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and
    it pinched her ear. She never wants to go
    back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  14. Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download
    it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple tweeks
    would really make my blog shine. Please let me
    know where you got your theme. Many thanks

  15. Hello there! This post could not be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate!

    He always kept talking about this. I will forward this post to him.

    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  16. Have you ever considered creating an ebook or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog centered on the same subjects you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers
    would enjoy your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e-mail.

  17. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you
    knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.

    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something
    like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

ОСТАВЬТЕ ОТВЕТ

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here