Гиподонтия: диагностика и лечение

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Гиподонтия – это патология, при которой наблюдается полное отсутствие прорезывания одного или нескольких зубов, в результате нарушения развития или рассасывания их зачатков. Гиподонтия может быть вызвана различными факторами, влияющими на развитие ребенка во время активного роста или внутриутробного периода.

Для точной постановки диагноза гиподонтия не достаточно провести визуальный или инструментальный осмотр, так как нередко причиной отсутствия зуба является задержка его прорезывания. При этом прорезывание может так и не наступить, но зуб все же будет находиться в десне. Гиподонтия приводит не только к аномальному положению оставшихся зубов, но и к изменению прикуса, что ведет за собой последствия, негативные для всего организма. Чтобы этого не произошло, необходимо своевременно заниматься данной проблемой.
На основании полученных данных и с учетом возраста пациента подбирается метод устранения данной проблемы. В некоторых случаях возможно ортодонтическое лечение, в остальных применяются установка виниров и различные виды протезирования.

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