Ученые определили главные факторы риска ожирения у детей

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Ученые определили главные факторы риска ожирения у детей

В рамках исследования ученые из Университетского колледжа Лондона раскрыли основные причины детского ожирения. Для этого потребовалось проследить за судьбой 20 000 детей в течение 10 лет. Как оказалось, множество факторов влияет на скорость набора детьми лишних килограммов.

Основные факторы развития ожирения очевидны. Это неправильное питание (качественно и количественно). Большую роль играет режим дня, отражаются на весе и психологические проблемы. В очередной раз указывают ученые на генетическую предрасположенность к ожирению. Доказано: у толстых и курящих родителей значительно чаще вырастают дети с избыточной массой тела.

Ученые обращают внимание на проблему: уже к подростковому возрасту ожирение отражается на состоянии здоровья детей. Лишний вес провоцирует развитие сердечно-сосудистых болезней, сахарного диабета, проблем с суставами и костями.

Пока же статистика по ожирению неутешительна. К 2025 году, если ничего не изменится, лишний вес будет у 268 миллионов детей в возрасте 5-17 лет. Среди них симптомы сахарного диабета будут иметься у 12 миллионов, диабет второго типа – у 4 миллионов детей.

Источник: medvesti.com

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