Кровь возможно производить в промышленных масштабах — результаты эксперимента


Кровь возможно производить в промышленных масштабах - результаты эксперимента

В самом ближайшем будущем можно будет получить нужное количество крови без привлечения доноров. Об этом заявил канал ВВС. Новейшая технология, разработанная учеными, позволит синтезировать красные кровяные тельца искусственно. Сотрудники службы крови вместе с учеными Бристольского университета успешно решили проблему, связанную с масштабами производства.

Прежняя методика получения красных кровяных телец или пластинок базировалась на использовании стволовых клеток, которых не так много. Поэтому искусственно полученная кровь стоит дорого. Ученые считают, что целесообразнее ее использовать для пациентов с редкими группами. Например, один пакет крови, необходимый для переливания, содержит около триллиона красных кровяных клеток, тогда как одна стволовая клетка может воспроизвести всего пятьдесят тысяч эритроцитов.

Теперь же количество эритроцитов можно значительно увеличить, применяя стволовые клетки на одной из самых ранних ступеней их развития. Получается, что эти клетки можно использовать многократно. В течение текущего года ученые будут тестировать свою разработку, и проверять получившуюся искусственную кровь на предмет безопасности. Также предстоит работа по запуску новой технологии в массовое производство.

Источник: medvesti.com


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