Недостаток сна у детей повышает степень риска развития диабета


Недостаток сна у детей повышает степень риска развития диабета

Дети, которые в той или иной степени испытывают недостаток сна, демонстрируют большую склонность к диабету второго типа, нежели их сверстники, спящие больше.

Ученые предпочитают объяснять это тем, что каждые шестьдесят минут дополнительного сна в ночное время ведут к росту мышечной массы, понижению веса и уменьшению уровня содержания глюкозы в клетках крови.

Участниками недавнего эксперимента стали четыре тысячи пятьсот двадцать пять детей, возраст которых варьировался от девяти до десяти лет. Добровольцам было предложено ответить на ряд связанных с режимом их сна вопросов. Кроме того, специалисты подвергли тщательному анализу результаты некоторых тестов на предмет наличия факторов, способных увеличить степень риска возникновения диабета.

Длительность сна маленьких добровольцев программы на протяжении учебного года варьировалась в пределах от восьми до двенадцати часов и составляла в среднем десять с половиной часов.

В итоге оказалось, что те из малышей, которые спали меньше, чем остальные, отмечалось занижение чувствительности к действию инсулина.

Помимо этого, такие дети чаще демонстрировали наличие избыточной массы тела. Это позволило сделать однозначный вывод о том, что недостаточно продолжительный сон самым непосредственным образом повышал вероятность развития диабета второго типа.

Источник: medvesti.com


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