Алопеция у мужчин — первые проявления и методы борьбы


Алопеция у мужчин - первые проявления и методы борьбы

Алопеция или облысение редко является основным заболеванием, выступая в большинстве случаев признаком других, более серьезных нарушений в организме. Обычно больные не уделяют должного внимания проявляющимся симптомам недуга, чем значительно усложняют процесс регенерации волосяного покрова и снижают эффективность методов лечения.

Одним из главных признаков алопеции у мужчин является увеличение числа волос, выпавших совместно с луковицей. Чаще всего их можно обнаружить после принятия ванны, по утрам на подушке или на воротниках рубашек. Основной метод диагностики – так называемая шкала Гамильтона-Норвуда, разработанная учеными в середине минувшего столетия.

Методы борьбы

К основным наиболее эффективным методикам лечения мужского облысения следует отнести:

  • медикаментозную терапию;
  • лечение лазером;
  • пересадку волосяных фолликул;
  • многочисленные средства народной медицины.

Медикаментозное лечение – многие представители сильного пола ошибочно полагают, что если главной причиной облысения является избыточная концентрация мужских гормонов в крови, то для решения проблемы необходимо сосредоточить основные усилия на коррекции гормонального фона. Это в корне ошибочное мнение. Неудачный выбор методов и средств гормональной терапии может стать причиной еще более серьезных проблем со здоровьем, бороться с которыми, как правило, гораздо сложнее, чем с алопецией.

Прекрасной альтернативой подобным методам является мезотерапия. Методика подразумевает введение под кожу головы особых препаратов, способствующих замедлению дальнейшего развития заболевания.

Лазерная терапия

Относительно новый и очень эффективный метод противодействия облысению. Лазерный луч, воздействуя на луковицы волос, способствует активизации в них обменных процессов. Результатом обычно является восстановление волосяного покрова на подвергшихся облысению участках кожи головы.

Пересадка волосяных фолликул

Данную методику обычно применяют в случаях, когда более традиционные способы лечения не дали хоть сколько-нибудь существенного эффекта. Стоит подобная процедура недешево и сопровождается довольно интенсивными болевыми ощущениями, однако вполне способна принести прекрасные плоды. При этом следует понимать, что однозначно гарантировать успех данной процедуры не может ни один специалист. Даже если все прошло благополучно, спустя некоторое время пересаженные волосы могут вновь начать выпадать.

Источник: medvesti.com


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