Что делать, если устают и болят ноги после каблуков?

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Туфли на каблуках ассоциируются с женственным образом. И сколько бы ни говорили врачи о вреде высоких каблуков, прекрасный пол носил и будет носить далеко не самую удобную обувь, чтобы выглядеть привлекательно. Действительно, каблук зрительно удлиняет ноги и делает их подтянутыми. Но платить за это часто приходится болью. Чем чаще ходишь на каблуках, тем сильнее ощущается дискомфорт. Почему болят ноги после каблуков и как минимизировать вред, причиняемый красивыми туфлями, расскажет cherkashchanka?

Главная причина проблем – неправильное распределение массы тела и перегрузка мышц, суставов и связок стопы. Кроме того, страдают икроножные мышцы. При регулярном ношении высоких каблуков проблемы могут возникнуть даже с позвоночником.

Ортопеды утверждают, что безопасная высота каблука составляет 5 см. У большинства красивых туфель гораздо более высокий каблук. Стопа не справляется с нагрузкой – частое и длительное ношение обуви на высоком каблуке приводит к:

  • образованию мозолей и натоптышей (страдает передняя часть стопы);
  • деформации пальцев ног;
  • артриту;
  • варикозному расширению вен;
  • поперечному плоскостопию;
  • атрофии пяточного сухожилия.

Оптимальным временем для ношения каблуков являются 4 часа. Как правило, женщина не может сменить неудобные туфли в течение дня. Ведь так хочется выглядеть красиво на работе или на встрече!

Вернувшись домой, каждая представительница прекрасного пола хотя бы раз сталкивалась с дискомфортом в области стопы. Иногда боль сопровождается онемением одного или нескольких пальцев. После ношения высоких каблуков у многих сводит ноги, а иногда начинает появляться суставная боль. Все это вызвано неправильным положением стопы.

Несколько советов, как избавиться от болевых ощущений:

  • вернувшись домой, прилягте так, чтобы ваши ноги находились чуть выше головы – это поможет снять усталость и отечность; в помощь – подушка или валик;
  • принимая душ, закончите контрастным обливанием ног: оно улучшит кровообращение; кроме того, холодная вода снимает жжение кожи;
  • помассируйте чистые ноги, используя крем или специальную мазь; в их состав входят охлаждающие компоненты (например, ментол) или вытяжка из конского каштана.

Упражнения для нормализации кровотока и устранения дискомфорта можно выполнять как дома, так и в перерыве между работой. В идеале разминать ноги раз в 2 часа. Пара минут гимнастики для ног, и вы почувствуете себя лучше. Чтобы снять боль, делайте следующие упражнения:

  • походите 2-3 минуты с поджатыми пальцами по ковру;
  • 20-25 раз поперекатывайтесь с носков на пятку и обратно;
  • сделайте до 10 приседаний с упором на полную стопу;
  • в положении сидя снимите туфли и в течение нескольких минут сжимайте и разжимайте пальцы.

Иногда помогает поносить какое-то время обувь на плоской подошве. Так, если после работы нужно идти к метро, смените туфли на высоком каблуке на кроссовки или ботинки.

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